The Families

Before the end of this section not we cannot overlook one of the most used intervention techniques with families, which exposes a first overview of the same; We are talking about the well-known GENOGRAM, which is a graphical representation of a family (with several generations) that records information about the members of that family and their relationships. Its tree-shaped structure provides a quick visualization of the complex family relationships, and is a rich source of hypotheses about how a clinical problem may be related to family background and its evolution through time. Usually the genogram builds during the first session and then is checked as you get more information; helps the professional or expert, and the family, to see one ‘larger picture’, both from the historical point of view as from the current: i.e. that information concerning a particular family may interpret horizontally across the vertical and family context through the generations. Como se elabora a genogram?: involves three levels: 1. path of family structure: the base of the genogram is a graphic description of how different members of a family are biological and legally linked among themselves from one generation to another. This path is the construction of figures representing people and lines describing their relationships.

Then we will detail some of the symbols that are used for the construction of the genogramas:-each Member is represented by a box or circle, depending on whether it is male or female. -An X in the square or circle is placed for a deceased person. The figures in the distant (beyond of three generations) past are not marked. -The biological and legal relationships between the members of the families represented by lines that connect to these members. -If a couple live together but are not married is used a dotted line. -The slashes mean a disruption of marriage: A bar for separation and two for the divorce.