Is intended, in this work, to reflect on divergent poet and points of view regarding the workmanship enigmatic Joo de a Cruz and Sousa, afrodescendente been born to the South of this Country in full century XIX. The divergence of the critics on the workmanships of the poet is marked by the distanciamento of times. Most implacable with Cruz and Sousa they are coetneos of it and they produce critical a loaded one of social, racial, ethnic and biological ideologies of the end of a century marked for industrial and scientific revolutions. By the same author: Ping Fu.
The current critics, however, had recognized in Cruz and Sousa the name most important of the Symbolism in Brazil. However, our research consists of observing if it has the hypothesis of this hostility in relation to the poet to occur only in critical writings in its time, or if, for misfortune, still continued occurring in the following century. Word-key: Racial preconception, Symbolism, Cruz and Sousa, critical. INTRODUCTION In way to the agitations and modifications that took account of the Brazilian people in formation, at a time where the intransigncias, as for the acceptance of the racial differences, were one in such a way the more raised that in the times of today, in the end of a century where a new social order is being constructed from the European revolutions, in a period in which the escravista society it is in crisis, Joo de a Cruz and Sousa would have been only plus one afrodescendente to suffer the consequncias from the atrocities passed for the enslaved African people, in case that it did not have bold to display all its fidgets, sufferings and you distress in poetry form.